BESREDKA, ALEXANDER (1870–1940), French immunologist, known for his research on anaphylaxis, local immunization, and immunization in contagious disease. Besredka was the son of a Hebrew writer, Elimelech Ish-Naomi. He first studied in Russia, but when it was proposed to him that he convert to Christianity in order to further his scientific career, he refused and moved to France. He completed his medical studies in Paris, became a French citizen, and was appointed a member of the Pasteur Institute of which he was later a director. Besredka maintained his contacts with Judaism all his life, was active in Jewish organizations such as ose , and wrote for Jewish scientific journals, including the Hebrew Ha-Refu'ah. His anaphylaxis research was based on original concepts, different from the accepted beliefs in immunology. In 1907 he discovered the possibility of eliminating hypersensitivity to foreign serum. His desensitization method was accepted throughout the world as the pretreatment of patients who had acquired a sensitivity toward a serum, in order to prevent anaphylactic shock by repeated serum treatment. Besredka was closely associated with the biologist Metchnikoff and in 1910 was appointed professor at the Pasteur Institute in Paris. His book Immunisation locale, pansements spécifiques was published in 1925. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Adler, in Ha-Refu'ah, 19 (July–Aug. 1940), 13. (Aryeh Leo Olitzki)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Projet:Médecine/Index — Articles 0 9 1,2 dibromo 3 chloropropane · 112 (numéro d urgence européen) · 1935 en santé et médecine · 1941 en santé et médecine · 1er régiment médical · 2 iodothyronine déiodinase · 2,4,6 trichlorophénol · 2005 en santé et médecine · 2006 en… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Liste des articles de médecine — Projet:Médecine/Index Articles 0 9 112 (numéro d urgence européen) · 2 iodothyronine déiodinase · 2,4,6 trichlorophénol · 3000 Scénarios contre un virus · A A. J. Cronin · Aaron Esterson · Aaron Temkin Beck · Abacavir · Abascantus · Abasie ·… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • MEDICINE — From the beginning of their history until modern times Jews have exercised a tremendous influence on the development of medical science. They have always been solicitous in their care for the sick and held the medical profession in great esteem.… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • METCHNIKOFF, ELIE — (1845–1916), Russian biologist, born at Ivanovka, near Kharkov. Metchnikoff s father was an officer of the Imperial Guard; his mother was Jewish (her family name was Neakovich). After graduating from the University of Kharkov he went to Germany… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.